My son, Jonah in the loving care of midwife, Louise McDonald.

My son, Jonah in the loving care of midwife, Louise McDonald.

It’s been a while since I’ve written about midwifery on my blog, but it’s a subject that’s near and dear to my heart, and never far from my mind. My homebirth baby, Jonah (pictured above) is now thirteen, and in 2016, my novel The Birth House (inspired by the midwife who once lived in my house) will be a decade old. Time flies!

In the last couple of weeks I’ve noticed there’s a new hashtag popping up in my Twitter feed, #MidwifeMondays. I have to say, I’m really enjoying reading the tweets from the Canadian midwifery community and beyond. They feature everything from links to birth stories, to messages of support for midwives, to calls for provincial action when it comes to expanding midwifery services and care.

The status of midwifery in this country still greatly varies from province to province. While some provinces offer midwifery services to all women as part of their health care system, other provinces have a long way to go before midwives are truly a part of the medical community at large. Nova Scotia took some important steps forward in 2006 with the Midwifery Act, but the implementation of the act has been (and is still) undergoing a long evaluation/testing process that has sadly resulted in limited services for many expectant mothers in the province. While the Midwifery Regulatory Council has done their best to see things through, there’s also been a fair bit of struggle and stress along the way. Discouraged by the current state of midwifery in NS, some midwives have given up their practices or left the province for greener pastures.

That said, the Midwifery Coalition of Nova Scotia presses on in their ongoing work to lobby on behalf of mothers, children, families and midwives, ever stalwart in their efforts to “convince various governments that midwifery is necessary, desirable and cost-effective care.” (Happy 30th anniversary MCNS. Thank you for your devotion to the cause!)

J. taking in Louise's words.  She spoke to him when he was in and out of the womb. :-)

J. taking in Louise’s words. She spoke to him when he was in and out of the womb. :-)

To cheer our dear midwives of Canada on (as well as all those who support them in their efforts,) I thought I’d share an amazing video that was sent to me the other day. It comes from Aube Giroux, formerly of the Gaspereau Valley. She produces a gorgeous food blog for PBS called Kitchen Vignettes and recently she featured her sister making a “groaning cake” (a la The Birth House)  to celebrate the birth of her baby! It’s a beautiful tribute to the traditions, anticipation and joy surrounding childbirth.

Here’s the video (and check out the end of this post for a link to her blog.)

Resources and People related to this post:

CBC Radio’s Dr. Brian Goldman of “White Coat Black Art” recently devoted an entire episode to discussing the state of midwifery in Canada. It’s worth a listen. “Haves and Have Nots: Midwifery in Canada” 

If you value midwifery in Nova Scotia, contact the Midwifery Coalition of Nova Scotia to see how you can help.

To read Aube’s full post on Groaning Cake (including her delicious recipe) and to discover my new favourite food blog, visit Kitchen Vignettes .

Happy #MidwifeMondays !

It’s nearly Thanksgiving weekend in Canada, and aside from spending time with family, visiting a pumpkin patch, and stirring pots of bubbling goodness on the stove, I’ll probably end the holiday by curling up on the couch with pillow, popcorn and cozy blanket to watch a few movies. Since it’s also Witchy Wednesday, I thought I’d list my top movie picks featuring, you guessed it, witches.

In no particular order…

Dorothy Gale, (and Toto too!) caught between two witches.

Dorothy Gale, (and Toto too!) caught between two witches.

1. The Wizard of Oz. 

This classic film was shown on national TV in the US every year throughout my childhood. Strangely enough they aired it right around Easter which also coincided with tornado season in the Midwest, leaving this Hoosier girl quaking with fear from the get go. Still, despite the fierce storm, the menacing green-faced wicked witch, the grumbling apple trees and flying monkeys, I fell in love with the movie. To this day, I watch it any time I get the chance. It’s a true cinematic masterpiece, especially when you consider it premiered in 1939.

Mary, Winifred and Sarah - the Sanderson Sisters

Mary, Winifred and Sarah – the Sanderson Sisters

2. Hocus Pocus.

The story of the wild, wacky Sanderson sisters of Salem (played by Kathy Najimy, Bette Midler and Sarah Jessica Parker) brings its own special brand of magic to the silver screen. Panned by critics when it was released in 1993, it quickly became a cult classic and has had a special place in my witchy heart ever since. There’s something wonderfully entertaining about their over-the-top, irreverent antics that begs for repeated viewings of this film. You’ll laugh, you’ll cringe, you’ll sing along with the Divine Miss M’s rousing rendition of “I put a spell on you.”

Kim Novak as Gillian Holroyd, a Greenwich VIllage witch.

Kim Novak as Gillian Holroyd, a Greenwich VIllage witch.

3. Bell, Book and Candle. 

Based on the original Broadway play by John Van Druten, this 1958 romantic comedy is a sexy, well-dressed tale of a love spell gone wrong. Kim Novak is brilliant as the slinky, scheming Gillian, and Jimmy Stewart is (as always) perfect in his portrayal of the unsuspecting Shep. The supporting cast is equally delightful with spot-on performances by Jack Lemon, Elsa Lanchester and Pyewacket the cat. (It’s a fun film to pair with Vertigo…also starring Novak and Stewart, albeit in a totally different light.)

Kiki and her talking black cat, Jiji.

Kiki and her talking black cat, Jiji.

4. Kiki’s Delivery Service.

If you’ve never seen a Hayao Miyazaki film, shame on you! As someone who was raised on Disney animated films, I have to admit that the first Studio Ghibli film I saw completely rocked my world. Kiki’s Delivery Service is an enchanting tale about a young thirteen-year-old witch in training (Kiki) who hopes to find a sense of belonging and place in the world as she learns to master her powers. Miyazaki’s enduring obsession with flight shines through in this film, making the scenes where Kiki flies on her broom especially breathtaking.

Nancy (Fairuza Balk) casts a spell in The Craft.

Nancy (Fairuza Balk) casts a spell in The Craft.

5. The Craft.

And now for something completely different. As with Kiki’s Delivery Service, The Craft features a teenage girl (Sarah Bailey, played by Robin Tunney) who’s trying to fit in, but that’s where the comparison ends. This film’s plot centres on a group of high school outcasts at St. Benedict’s Academy who take up witchcraft as a way to gain power and control over their messed up lives. Filled with invocations, spell casting and glamour magic, The Craft was a hit among the teen goth crowd of the mid 1990’s. What makes this film for me isn’t so much the plot, but the music that serves as the soundtrack to this angsty coven’s activities. With songs by Juliana Hatfield, Letters to Cleo, Tripping Daisy, Elastica, Mathew Sweet, Our Lady Peace and Jewel, you’ll be transported back a few years when you watch it, (and maybe even swear you smell the scent of clove cigarettes in the air.)

The Owens sisters in full witchy garb.

The Owens sisters in full witchy garb.

6. Practical Magic.

Based on the Alice Hoffman novel of the same name, this 1998 film has a bit of everything when it comes to it witchery. A family curse, herbalism, witchy bloodlore, potions, poisons, small town gossip, and a whole heap of sisterly tensions/love. Nicole Kidman and Sandra Bullock are a lovely bad-girl good-girl pairing, but there’s far more to this movie than that. Stockard Channing and Dianne Wiest are kick-ass witchy aunties who make midnight margaritas while helping to set things right.

Oh, and I can't forget Stockard Channing's glorious hat...

Oh, and I can’t forget Stockard Channing’s glorious hat…

Anjelica Huston as The Grand High Witch

Anjelica Huston as The Grand High Witch

7. The Witches.

A wonderful blend of fantasy and comedy, The Witches (based on the Roald Dahl book) does a lovely job of capturing the essence of Dahl’s original tale. (Dahl himself wasn’t a fan because the ending of the film strayed from the book’s.) Anjelica Houston is delightfully wicked in her role as The Grand High Witch, and the creations contributed by Jim Henson’s creature shop bring the fantastical elements of the story to life. It was the final film that Henson personally worked on before his death. Although it struggled at the box office, critics gave it raves, calling it “ambitious and inventive.”

Jane, Alexandra and Sukie take aim...

Jane, Alexandra and Sukie take aim…

8. The Witches of Eastwick.

Another adaptation, The Witches of Eastwick is based on the first of John Updike’s novels about a trio of witchy female friends, Jane Spofford, Alexandra Medford and Sukie Ridgemont. (His sequel, The Widows of Eastwick was published in 2008.) In the 1987 film the women, (played by Susan Sarandon, Cher and Michelle Pfeiffer) dissatisfied with their lives, soon discover that their latent witchy powers have been sparked by their weekly get togethers and their mutual longing for “the perfect man.” Jack Nicholson appears in the form of a mysterious stranger and mayhem ensues.

Bellatrix threatens Hermione.

Bellatrix threatens Hermione.

9. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (Pt. 1)

Technically all the HP movies have witches in them (and thus are on my long-list of witchy watches,) but when it comes to the portrayal of an all-out evil sorceress with an axe to grind, Helena Bonham Carter as Bellatrix Lestrange in Deathly Hallows Pt. 1 takes the cake. “I’m going to have a conversation with this one, girl to girl…” she says before she gets poor Hermione alone. What happens next always makes me squirm.

Can't wait to see Meryl Streep as the Witch in Into the Woods.

Can’t wait to see Meryl Streep as the Witch in Into the Woods.

10. Into the Woods

I know it’s not out yet, but Into the Woods is one of my favourite musicals, so the film version is automatically on my must-see list. I pray the powers that be haven’t messed this one up!

Which witchy films are on your list?


every witch needs a black cat (or two.)

every witch needs a black cat (or two.)

Hello October! I took the last two Witchy Wednesdays off while I was in New York visiting the World Maker Faire, the Brooklyn Book Fair, my US editor, and all my favourite haunts (Madison Square Park, Central Park, Obscura, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Hayden planetarium, Katz’s Deli, the Morgan Library, etc…) Now I’m back home, where it’s properly autumn, happily settled in a landscape that’s dotted with apple trees, pumpkin patches, turning leaves and wood smoke.

I adore all that comes with fall – cool, frosty mornings that beg for kitchen fires and hot porridge, the late harvest of root crops from the garden, the last burst of colour in the grasses and trees. Most especially, I love the traditions and tales that come with this time of year, legends that have been passed down through the ages that evoke the images of otherworldly beings all doing their best to reach through the veil of forgetting to touch our otherwise ordinary lives.

Many of these tales have changed over time, often to the point where we no longer remember their origins or understand their meaning. From now until November 1st we’ll be surrounded by candy corn, sheet-clad ghosts and shrieking cats. It’s the latter that I’m focussing on in today’s post, the glorious yet misunderstood black cat.

Xeno, the muse.

Xeno, the muse.

Over the course of the last twenty+ years, I’ve had the honour of caring for a handful of black cats. They’ve come into my life in different ways – two strays, one shelter cat, one barn cat, one via friends, and one from an elderly Polish woman in Chicago who’d taped a sign to her apartment door that read, “FREE CATS INSIDE.” When I’d visited the woman’s home with my little boy in tow, my son had immediately been drawn to a small black kitten that was curled up inside a cardboard box in the far corner of the kitchen.

“Does that one need a home?” I’d asked.

“You don’t want that one,” the woman had replied. “He’s wicked, he’s wild, he’s evil, he’s black.”

“Then that’s the one for me,” I’d said.

Every so often I’d see the woman around my neighbourhood and she’d stop me and ask, “how’s that cat?”

“Fine, lovely, wonderful,” I’d say with a smile.

“He’s gonna be bad one day,” she’d warn, wagging her finger at me. “You can’t bring him back…”

We named that sleek amazing feline “Rune,” and while he may have been agile and energetic, he was never evil or bad. He travelled with us from Chicago to Nova Scotia and lived a long happy life. From the day I brought him home until the day he was no more, I felt lucky to have crossed his path.



 Why the fuss?

In some cultures black cats are seen as creatures that bring good luck rather than bad. In parts of Scotland, the appearance of a stray black cat on your doorstep is a sign of prosperity and good fortune to come. In Japan, black cats supposedly serve to attract suitors to their female owners.

Sadly, in many Western cultures, the black cat has long been associated with evil and bad luck, and to their detriment those associations have stuck. Historically they’ve been thought to be the Devil incarnate, the companions (or familiars) of witches, or the bearers of misfortune.

Perhaps the earliest vilification of black cats comes via the Vox in Rama, a papal bull issued by Pope Gregory IX around 1232. Because of the association of black cats with so-called heretics and followers of Satan, black cats were slaughtered in large numbers throughout Europe well into the 19th century. They were all but exterminated during the Black Death pandemic circa 1348, (which coincidentally may have worsened the spread of the disease because there were fewer cats around to kill the rodents that carried it.)

Witchy kitties.

Witches are often depicted as being accompanied by an animal – an owl, a raven, a dog, a rabbit, a toad, and most commonly a black cat. This stems from folklore that says that witches have the ability to speak to animals and can thereby enlist them to do their bidding. The animal thus becomes a “familiar” to the witch and is privy to her craft. Often, the pets of women accused of witchcraft were put to death alongside their owners.

When witch hunting hysteria hit Europe in the mid 1500’s, every wandering homeless woman and the alley cats that followed her, were suspected of witchcraft. This tale from Lincolnshire takes the notion of the familiar a step further and places the cat in the realm of shape-shifting. It also aptly illustrates the thinking of the day.

A father and his son were frightened one moonless night when a small creature darted across their path into a crawl space. Hurling stones into the opening, they saw an injured black cat scurry out and limp into the adjacent home of a woman suspected by the town of being a witch. The next day, the father and son encountered the woman on the street. Her face was bruised, her arm bandaged, and she now walked with a limp. From that day on in Lincolnshire, all black cats were suspected of being witches in night disguise.” – from Cat Superstitions,

Wickie, my first black cat.

Wickie, my first black cat.

Black coat syndrome.

While most of us would readily deny a belief in the superstitions surrounding black cats, the biases that went along with them have made a lasting impression within our culture. Black cats (and black dogs, for that matter) are statistically overlooked when it comes to pet adoption in animal shelters. Time and again, they’re the last of a litter to find a forever home. They’re also euthanized in greater numbers than cats of other colours. Some say it’s because they’re difficult to photograph, which causes them to come across as “less friendly” on web sites and such. Others believe it’s tied to the bad rap they’ve gotten in the past. Whatever the case, these wonderful felines are still being discriminated against in the 21st century, and that needs to change.

The controversy continues.

In 2013, when an animal shelter in the US ran a black cat adoption campaign during the month of October, people in the surrounding area got their knickers in a twist. The bold move on the centre’s part was considered outrageous since many animal shelters across the States have gone the opposite direction and banned the adoption of black cats during October. The reason for the ban is a faulty one, based on the belief that scads of Devil worshippers are looking to sacrifice black cats on Halloween. It’s an urban legend of course. The cats in question are more likely (and not by much) to fall prey to some nut who thinks it would be cool to have a black cat slinking around for a Halloween party. Come November 1st, they’ll decide they don’t want a long-term pet, and out goes kitty with the post-party trash.

Happily, there’s some hope for the future. An increasing number of animal shelters are declaring black cat adoption months  throughout the year, (October included) with some even giving discounts to those who adopt black cats on a Friday the 13th. The next time you’re thinking of adopting a cat, I hope you’ll choose the wee black kitten in the back of the litter, or the sage ebony feline that’s been waiting far too long for a forever home. I promise, you’ll count yourself lucky, indeed.

Xeno knows.

Xeno knows.


She seems to hide all looks that have ever fallen
into her, so that, like an audience,
she can look them over, menacing and sullen,
and curl to sleep with them. But all at once
as if awakened, she turns her face to yours;
and with a shock, you see yourself, tiny,
inside the golden amber of her eyeballs
suspended, like a prehistoric fly. – from Rilke’s, Black Cat

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