View Post

when it pains you not to speak

In The Witches of New York, Witchy Wednesday by ami

Halloween circa 1974. My sister Lori and me. (I'm sporting my "resting witch face.")

Halloween circa 1974. My sister Lori and me. (I’m sporting my “resting witch face.”)

I’m reclaiming the word witch. To do so, I’ve got to take things all the way back to its roots…which are, much like the way we regard the word itself—shadowy, misunderstood and not completely clear. Even renowned scholars of etymology can’t quite agree on how it first sprang up, but they all admit its origins are tantalizingly old, stemming from times and places where those labelled with the word witch were revered rather than reviled.

Here are just a few of the earliest meanings to be found in the word’s possible origins:

One who bends (like a willow,) one who dances and makes mysterious gestures, one who rouses others, who wakes the dead, who is strong and lively. A wise one, a teacher, a diviner, a seer, a diverter of evil. One skilled in the use of medicinal herbs. One who sees hidden things. And my personal favourite, “she who knows.”

Which meaning is right? One, some, all? No one knows for sure.

“One thing we do know is that the word came to Britain with the Saxons, who at the time of their arrival on these shores were pagans. I believe that to them, the word witch (or whichever of its forerunners they used), did not necessarily have any derogatory meaning. A witch was a seer, a knower, an averter of evil. The word only took on a negative meaning with the coming of Christianity, which taught that all the gods of the heathen were devils. So anyone who clung to the old ways and the Old Religion was a devil worshipper. And annually, around Halloween, we still see the same old charges being made in the same old spirit of bigotry. Isn’t it sad that these good folk haven’t learnt anything since the Dark Ages?” —Doreen Valiente

Sadly, history has shown us that when that spirit of bigotry is left unchecked, horrible things can happen. 

“Women who expressed their religiosity in unapproved ways, or in ways that were “too feminine” by the standards of the culture, were branded as witches or heretics.” – Ayşe Tuzlak (from, “The Real Reason Women Love Witches” by Anne Theriault)

During the witch hunts in Europe and the trials in Salem, mere accusations became death sentences for thousands of people, the majority of them women. (This especially hits home for me, since I recently discovered that I’m related to one of the women hanged for witchcraft at Gallows Hill in Salem. But that’s a story I’ll save for another day.)

Throughout the ages and into the 21st century, the gendered label of witch has been used as a contemptuous slur, thrust upon any woman who was considered “other” in her society —too old, too pretty, too ugly, too smart, too powerful, too wise, too outspoken, too weird, too disabled, too talented, too sexual, too curious, too…well…too just-about-anything-you-can-think-of.

from New York WitchFest 2016. (Via Broadly. Photo by Darragh Dandurand)

from New York WitchFest 2016. (Via Broadly. Photo by Darragh Dandurand)

For the past five years while writing The Witches of New York, I’ve been researching the history of witches, mainly as it pertains to North American culture. Recently I started sharing some of that research, via the handle @WitchyWednesday on Twitter. What I haven’t posted are the MANY articles, memes, tweets, posts etc. that I’ve come across where witch is used as a slur against women. Search for the name of any woman who happens to be an influencer in her sphere, any woman of power, strength or unusual talent; then add the word witch to that search, and I guarantee you’ll be met with some to the most vile, hateful and frightening results you’ve ever seen online.

A couple of weeks ago, I watched “She’s Beautiful When She’s Angry,” an extraordinary documentary that traces the history of the women’s feminist movement in the US during the 1960’s and 70’s. Among the leaders of the movement in that era was a group of women that called themselves “W.I.T.C.H” (the Women’s International Terrorist Conspiracy from Hell) also known as (Women Inspired to Tell their Collective History.) The group was formed in 1968 when the NYRW (New York Radical Women) split into two separate organizations—the Redstockings and W.I.T.C.H.

The women of W.I.T.C.H were, “devoted to overthrowing the patriarchal dominance of society, and according to scholar Cynthia Eller, they chose to do so in “witty, flamboyant and theatrical ways” by carrying out witch-themed political stunts. —from Wikipedia

Their glorious manifesto speaks for itself:

WITCH is an all-woman Everything. It’s theater, revolution, magic, terror, joy, garlic flowers, spells. It’s an awareness that witches and gypsies were the original guerrillas and resistance fighters against oppression – particularly the oppression of women – down through the ages. Witches have always been women who dared to be: groovy, courageous, aggressive, intelligent, nonconformist, explorative, curious, independent, sexually liberated, revolutionary.

A witch lives and laughs in every woman. She is the free part of each of us. There is no joining WITCH. If you are a woman and dare to look within yourself, you are a witch. You are a witch by being female, untamed, angry, joyous, and immortal. You are a witch by saying aloud ‘I am a witch’ and thinking about that.

1969 WITCH protest at the Chicago Federal Building.

1969 WITCH protest at the Chicago Federal Building.

As a child growing up in Indiana, I watched the film version of the Wizard of Oz annually. (Why they chose to show it at the start of tornado season in the Midwest is beyond me, but that didn’t stop me from planting my bum on the living room floor in front of the TV.) By the age of eight I had most every line memorized, and I’d often find myself thinking about the dialogue from the film long after I’d watched it. Like most kids, I loved the scene where Dorothy lands in Oz and everything turns from black and white to being saturated with wild, vibrant colour. Still, there was one thing about the story that I wished I could change (one tiny thing that would change EVERYTHING that came after.) What if, when Glinda appears and asks Dorothy “are you a good witch, or a bad witch?” Dorothy doesn’t insist she’s not a witch, but instead says “yes!” ? What if, somewhere between wishing she could fly over the rainbow, and getting swept up in the tornado, she becomes a witch? And better yet, what if she KNOWS it? I guess I’ve been itching to write a story about a girl who becomes a witch for most of my life.

Recently, someone asked me to sum up The Witches of New York in one sentence, and this is was my answer: “It’s historical fiction with a twist: part Victorian fairytale, part penny dreadful, part feminist manifesto.” Now as I strive to be a strong, lively woman who sees what’s hidden, who rejects evil, who prides herself in “knowing,” I find myself wondering, “are there any W.I.T.C.H-minded sisters out there today? Where are the feminists ready to reclaim the word, and the power that comes with it?”

As if by magic, my question was answered last week in an amazing article written by Anne Theriault, aptly titled “The Real Reason Women Love Witches.”

She too, it seems, is reclaiming and redefining the word, witch.

“A witch can be any age; a witch does not need to be conventionally attractive; a witch does not wait for prince charming, nor does she reply on anyone but herself.”
“A witch is someone who, when faced with a brick wall, learns to build a tunnel.”
—Anne Theriault 

This was the nature of the work of the feminists of the 19th century who fought for abolition, suffrage and labourers’ rights. This was the work of our grandmothers and mothers in the 1960’s and 70’s who fought for equality, civil rights and reproductive rights. This is our work now, to continue the fight…for equality, for LGTBQ rights, for Black Lives Matter, for saving our planet.

There’s a scene in The Witches of New York where a daughter fondly recalls a bit of advice given to her by her mother. It’s advice my mother gave to me long ago—sound advice for all young women, (and witches.)

As a child, Eleanor had watched in awe as her mother had said whatever she thought whenever she wanted to whomever she pleased, mostly to great success. 

“When do I get to do that?” she’d asked. “When do I get to say whatever I wish?”

“When it pains you not to,” her mother had replied.

“What if I’m too scared?”

“All the more reason to speak your mind.”


People, places and things mentioned in this post:

If you enjoyed this post…watch this space for more Advice to New Witches

Please excuse the mess

In Uncategorized by Ian McKay

We are undergoing some digital renovations at the moment to make the site more accessible to users on various devices. All the content should be available but things may seem a bit disorganized until I can get all the new settings “just so”. Thanks for your patience.

Webmaster type person



View Post

ten times round the seasons

In Events, The Birth House, The Witches of New York, Uncategorized by ami

The Birth House turns 10

The Birth House turns 10

During the big rewrite/revision/edit of The Witches of New York an important milestone came and went. I didn’t exactly miss it, I just didn’t have time to stop and acknowledge it, (at least not in any way that felt fitting or right.) Now that the manuscript for Witches has gone into “pages” (the magical process where the story gets arranged by the wonderful crew at Knopf Canada into the actual pages of a book,) I can take some time to yank the weeds from my garden and my brain, and think on all the things I pushed aside while I was immersed in a world of witch-lore, women’s history and 19th century New York.

This past spring marked ten years since my debut novel, The Birth House was first published. The morning that fact actually hit me, I felt much the way a parent does on their child’s birthday…filled with gratitude, puzzlement and wonder. Turning to my dear Mr. McKay I asked, “how is that possible? where did the time go?” A few days before, I’d paused briefly in the shoulder of that most stubborn of Nova Scotia seasons to do as I always do that time of year and “force” a few branches of pussy willow and forsythia to break their sleep a bit early in the warmth of my kitchen. Setting a copy of The Birth House next to my morning cup of tea and a pile of bananagram tiles, I snapped the above anniversary photo. (Writing tip: bananagram tiles are excellent for making anagrams of character names. 😉 )

Although it’s a bit late, I wanted to mention the anniversary in a post so I could take a moment and say THANK YOU to everyone who has read my “little book that could.” Thank you to every book club who has chosen to discuss it over the years. I’m honoured and grateful for your readership. Heaven knows there are so many good books out there and far too little time to read them all! Thank you to every bookseller and librarian who has championed my work over the years and placed my novels lovingly and enthusiastically in the hands of readers. Thank you to all the women who have shared the Birth House within their circles of friends and said “you must read this”. Thank you to all the men who have acknowledged the strength in the character of Dora Rare and argued that tales told in women’s voices are for EVERYONE. Thank you to all the mothers who have shared Dora’s story with their daughters. I wrote The Birth House with my mother in mind as my ideal reader. She was the first storyteller in my life and I’m so thankful that she got to hold a finished copy of the book in her hands before she passed.

Happy Anniversary, Ross Creek!

Happy Anniversary, Ross Creek and Two Planks!

Come Celebrate! 

My dear friends at The Ross Creek Centre for the Arts are celebrating their own special anniversary in 2016. It’s been 25 years since the centre was founded and this summer’s line up with Two Planks and a Passion Theatre is one you won’t want to miss. Along with an outdoor production of David Van Belle’s Liberation Days and an innovative, fireside retelling of the history of the “ghost ship,” Mary Celeste, they’re also offering a new reading series dubbed “Fireside Encounters.”

What are Fireside Encounters? Four Nova Scotia authors on four different evenings sitting with an audience around a campfire to read, tell stories and talk about their work.

I’m thrilled to be a part of this series in its first year and can’t wait to sit around the fire with you to celebrate the 10 year anniversary of The Birth House (and share a preview of my upcoming book!) The Witches of New York won’t be published until late October, so if you want a behind-the-scenes first look, this is the place to be. I can’t think of a better setting to talk about Victorian tales of the supernatural and 19th century witch-lore. (Seating is limited, so you may want to book your tickets soon…see info below. You can take in a performance of Liberation Days earlier in the evening and then stay for the fireside, or just come for the reading. If you’re a lit-nerd like me, you may want to attend all four!)

2016 Fireside Encounters at the Ross Creek Centre for the Arts

July 14 Christy Ann Conlin (author of Heave and The Memento)

July 21 Sue Goyette (author of Ocean and The Brief Reincarnation of a Girl)

August 4 Ami McKay (author of The Birth House, The Virgin Cure, The Witches of New York)

August 10 Alexander MacLeod (author of Light Lifting)

Click here to book tickets (you’ll need to scroll down the page for Fireside Encounters) or call: 902.582.3842

Hope to see you around the fire!

sunset on the Bay of Fundy

sunset on the Bay of Fundy